San Francisco: Facebook-owned WhatsApp is reportedly working on a desktop version of the app that would allow users to use the messaging app on a PC without having to connect their phone to the Internet. In 2015, WhatsApp released a web version that mirrored the conversation from the mobile app, but to use it, one needed to have their phone connected to the Internet. Reliable WhatsApp leaker account WABetaInfo tweeted on Friday that the company might be developing a Universal Windows Platform (UWP) app along with a new multi-platform system that would work even when your phone is off. In addition, WhatsApp is also reportedly working on a multi-platform system that would allow users to access their chats and profiles on more than one device with the same account. The multi-platform system would also work in synchronisation with WhatsApp’s UWP, which is also in the works, to offer the standard chat interface on different devices with the same account.
The Canadian Press EDMONTON — A judge has ruled an Edmonton man is criminally responsible for killing and mutilating his ex-girlfriend.Court heard that Silva Koshwal stabbed Nadine Skow 101 times in her downtown apartment in 2015.Queen’s Bench Justice Sterling Sanderman found Koshwal guilty earlier this week of second-degree murder, but the defence applied for a not criminally responsible designation due to his mental health.During the trial a psychologist testified that Koshwal has significant mental problems because of a probable brain injury that rendered him incapable of appreciating the nature of his actions.Court heard that Koshwal suffered trauma while growing up in Sudan.A veteran Edmonton police detective has said that the crime scene was one of the most horrific he has ever experienced.GRAPHIC WARNING: This story contains details that may disturb some readers.An agreed statement of facts said Skow’s body was found face down on the floor and some of her organs had been removed. Her heart had been pinned to the wall with a butcher knife.The judge also found him guilty of offering an indignity to a body.A second-degree murder conviction carries an automatic life sentence.Koshwal, 42, is a landed immigrant who has lived in Canada for roughly 20 years.In 2010, he was convicted of sexual assault and put under a removal order by the Canadian Border Services Agency.That order was later stayed by the Immigration and Refugee Board until January 2016, meaning Koshwal couldn’t be deported. (CTV Edmonton)
Advertisement Advertisement Login/Register With: Advertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Facebook HALIFAX, Oct. 3, 2018 – DHX Media (or the “Company”) (TSX: DHX, NASDAQ: DHXM), a global children’s content and brands company, has signed a new agreement providing Prime Video’s U.S. streaming service with Spanish versions of 10 kids’ shows, including Strawberry Shortcake: Sky’s the Limit, Bob the Builder, Fireman Sam, Busy World of Richard Scarry, Sonic the Hedgehog, Super Mario World, Madeline and more. The new content is expected to launch for U.S. Prime Video members on October 4, 2018.“We’re delighted to provide Amazon Prime Video with Spanish versions of these popular kids’ shows,” said Jerry Diaz, VP of Distribution at DHX Media. “With our deep library and strong production capabilities, DHX Media continues to be a one-stop-shop for streaming platforms looking for both original and classic content that kids and families love to watch.” Fireman Sam is one of ten DHX Media kids’ shows coming to Amazon Prime Video’s U.S. service in Spanish this October. (CNW Group/DHX Media Ltd.) Madeline is one of ten DHX Media kids’ shows coming to Amazon Prime Video’s U.S. service in Spanish this October. (CNW Group/DHX Media Ltd.) DHX Media titles newly available on Amazon Prime Video in the U.S. in Spanish: Madeline is one of ten DHX Media kids’ shows coming to Amazon Prime Video’s U.S. service in Spanish this October. (CNW Group/DHX Media Ltd.) Bob the Builder, season 2 (52 x 11′)Bob the Builder: Mega Machines (movie) (1 x 60′)Fireman Sam, season 7 (13 x 11′)Strawberry Shortcake: Sky’s the Limit (movie) (1 x 70′)Sonic the Hedgehog, season 1 (13 x 30′)Super Mario World, season 1 (7 x 30′)Busy World of Richard Scarry, season 5 (13 x 30′)Madeline, season 1 (6 x 30′)Paddington’s Birthday Bonanza (special) (1 x 30′)Sabrina, the Animated Series, season 2 (13 x 30′)About DHX MediaDHX Media Ltd. (TSX: DHX, NASDAQ: DHXM) is a global children’s content and brands company, recognized for such high-profile properties as Peanuts, Teletubbies, Strawberry Shortcake, Caillou, Inspector Gadget, and the acclaimed Degrassi franchise. One of the world’s foremost producers of children’s shows, DHX Media owns the world’s largest independent library of children’s content, at 13,000 half-hours. It licenses its content to broadcasters and streaming services worldwide and generates royalties through its global consumer products program. Through its subsidiary, WildBrain, DHX Media operates one of the largest networks of children’s channels on YouTube. Headquartered in Canada, DHX Media has offices worldwide. Visit us at www.dhxmedia.com. Twitter
Washington, D.C. – President Barak Obama delivered a powerful hour-long State of the Union speech to the American people Tuesday night. Addressing topics such as the need for adequate paying jobs, affordable child care, and gender and wage equality in the U.S., the President also highlighted the commitment of the majority of Muslims to peace. Here is what he said:“As Americans, we respect human dignity, even when we’re threatened, which is why I’ve prohibited torture, and worked to make sure our use of new technology like drones is properly constrained. It’s why we speak out against the deplorable anti-Semitism that has resurfaced in certain parts of the world. It’s why we continue to reject offensive stereotypes of Muslims — the vast majority of whom share our commitment to peace. That’s why we defend free speech, and advocate for political prisoners, and condemn the persecution of women, or religious minorities, or people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. We do these things not only because they’re right, but because they make us safer.” Islam enjoys an important position in the United States. Muslim communities all over the U.S. are among the most respected and successful citizens.There are currently two Muslim congressional representatives in the American congress. The first is Keith Ellison, who was elected in 2006 to be the first Muslim American to join the congress. The second one is André Carson, who was elected in 2008 as a representative of Ohio State. Both Muslim congressmen, Allison and Carson, are affiliated with the democratic part
“We are working together with mutual respect to get this done by mid next year since we have now established a government of good governance with respect for human rights,” he said. However the new Government had reapplied for the concession and has made commitments to meet the required criteria. (Colombo Gazette) Dr. Harsha de Silva was speaking at an event attended by several garment factory workers and officials of the garment industry. The Government is certain it will receive the GSP plus trade concession from the European Union (EU) next year.Deputy Foreign Minister Dr. Harsha de Silva said that the EU and the Sri Lankan Government are working together to regain the key trade concession. He said that a recent technical paper on the ‘World Economy’ showed that the loss of the trade concession had a negative impact, with the worst affected being the urban low-income workers.Sri Lanka lost the GSP plus trade concession from the EU when the former Government was in power after it failed to meet the criteria to continue as a beneficiary.
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In the video above, FiveThirtyEight’s Kyle Wagner breaks down some things the Cleveland Cavaliers can do to stay competitive in the NBA Finals as the series heads back to Cleveland.
The company says that it is still shipping units, working hard to meet the current post-holiday demand. Beyond that, however, the company won’t “discuss the specific production plans for any of its products.” On Saturday we wrote about a new report suggesting that Logitech was set to halt shipments of its Revue set top box, at Google’s request. The story seemed to confirm previous reports that the software giants was asking its hardware companies to hold off on releasing products while it scrambled to issue a more complete version of its Google TV software.According to prior rumors, the company had asked Toshiba, LG, and Sharp to hold a number of Google TV products set for launch at ces in January.AdChoices广告Logitech reached out to Gearlog today, to dispute the original reporting, stating that, “Contrary to recent speculation, Logitech has not been asked by Google to suspend production of its Google TV products.” Logitech VP Nancy Morrison told Gearlog, Suggestions that production of the Logitech Revue companion box might need to be halted to address software issues are unfounded. As those familiar with the product know, it is not necessary for Logitech to make changes to the companion box to accommodate future enhancements to Google TV. Every Logitech Revue will receive free over-the-air updates whenever Google and Logitech release software enhancements.
Nouveau processeur Intel Core i5 à 3,60 GHzÉtats-unis – Intel, leader sur le marché des processeurs, a complété hier sa gamme Core i5 avec un modèle encore plus puissant, nommé Core i5-680.La firme californienne a lancé l’un des logiciels les plus puissants du marché, doté d’une fréquence d’horloge à 3,60 GHz contre 3,46 GHz pour l’i5 670. Il ne s’agit pas d’une création, mais plutôt d’une actualisation. Cette nouvelle version se voit ainsi dotée de quelques MHz de plus.Ce processeur double cœur, muni d’une finesse de gravure de 32 nanomètres, intègre 4 Mo de mémoire cache de troisième niveau, type de mémoire qui enregistre momentanément des copies de données provenant d’une autre mémoire. En ce qui concerne les tarifs, la nouvelle grille Intel vient d’être publiée sur le site de la marque : il faudra compter aux alentours de 300 euros pour profiter de l’i5-680.Le 20 avril 2010 à 11:31 • Emmanuel Perrin
RelatedPosts In 2010, Chris formed a partnership with The Transcity Group to launch Transcity Asia which established itself as the leading technical service, support and solutions company in Asia. Transcity Group including Transcity Asia was acquired by Suzo Happ in July 2013. Chris no longer holds any position in the business.Chris was formerly the Director of International Sales & Marketing for Stargames, an Australian Gaming Company acquired in 2005 by Shuffle Master Inc. He held a variety of senior management roles over his 11-year tenure and was one of five senior executives who managed the sale and transition of Stargames to Shuffle Master.Chris is an entrepreneur who has worked in Asia for the past 16 years, of which he has lived in Macau for the past 12 years with his wife and two young daughters. His international experience includes Australia, Russia, South America, North America, Canada, UK and Asia, allowing Chris to amass numerous industry relationships and experience throughout the world.He has a Diploma in Hospitality Management and over 25 years of experience in the industry as a Gaming Executive. Chris resides in Macau. SJM’s Daisy Ho to deliver keynote address as G2E Asia gets underway today Galaxy Macau named Best Integrated Resort for second year running at G2E Asia Awards Chris is the founder and CEO of 113 East Limitada, a Macau based company formed in 2007. 113E has built a strong reputation for gaming distribution and supply, operations and consulting services to various organizations throughout Australasia and is currently working with companies such as GameCo, Traff Gen and GameCraft assisting in business development across Australasia.In 2009 Chris co-founded FabSmart Company Limited, a Macau and Thailand based boutique development company. FabSmart’s focus is to design, develop and deploy gaming equipment which is outside the normal spectrum of gaming operations. Fabsmart’s products include the highly successful “Fast Action Series” tables developed and supported for Sands China Macau. Chris is an active Director in the Company. Load More Melco boss Lawrence Ho hails G2E Asia Awards success
Around a third (35%) of manager respondents in the UK have received training to help spot mental health issues in the workplace, according to research by office stationery supplier Viking.Its survey of 1,500 managers also found, however, that only 17% of respondents feel very confident in their ability to support staff experiencing mental health issues, and a further 45% have never received training to equip them with the skills they need to spot mental health issues within their teams.Clare Porciani, senior manager, HR operations UK and Ireland at Viking, said: “Our findings highlight that, despite the workplace showing great positive movements in quality of life, inclusivity and many other areas, [employers are] falling short when it comes to knowing how [they] can support those struggling with their mental health.”More than two-thirds (65%) of respondents have been approached regarding issues relating to mental health, stress or anxiety, and 42% have had an employee requesting a day off for issues linked to mental health, stress or anxiety.A total of 67% of respondents believe there is a stigma around stress, anxiety and other mental health issues within the workplace; only 6% disagree and think there definitely is not a stigma around these topics.Porciani added: “With so many managers believing that mental health problems are stigmatised in the workplace, it’s plain to see that there’s a lot more to be done.“Employers need to ensure that every employee, and particularly managers, receive[s] training around mental health issues, and that this training offers knowledge that each employee can fall back on should they notice a colleague struggling or should they themselves be affected.”
Marion Cotillard (as Marianne Beauséjour): “Being good at this kind of work is not very beautiful.”In “Allied,” Brad Pitt teams up with Marion Cotillard for a secret mission during World War II.It doesn’t take long before they start mixing business and pleasure.And we learn not everything is what is seems.Marion Cotillard: “I’ve always had to work and prepare myself and to discover and to explore a character much more than what is actually shown.”Santa: “You are standing on my spot.”Billy Bob Thornton (as Willie Soke): “Really? That’s funny — I don’t see your name on it anywhere.” (WSVN) – Sure — spending time with family during a holiday weekend is good… But there is only so much family-time a person can take. That means it’s time to head to the movies to check out what’s in theaters this week.Dwayne Johnson (as Maui): “Moana! I got your back. It’s Maui time.”The rock gets animated in the new disney film “Moana.”He plays Maui, a demigod who’s along for the ride as 16-year-old Moana goes on a mission to find herself.The Rock tells Deco acting using only his voice wasn’t easy.Dwayne Johnson: “It was a great challenge for me because it was a different muscle to exercise. It’s one thing when we’re just talking like this, but it’s another thing to really inject life into your voice.”Brad Pitt (as Max Vatan): “Said you were beautiful and good. Billy Bob Thornton is wishing you a miserable Christmas in “Bad Santa 2.”The movie picks up 13 years after the first one.And most of the original cast are along for the ride as they plan to rob a charity on Christmas eve.Billy Bob Thornton: “Comedies are sort of made for sequels, dramas not so much… We wanted to make sure that people who loved the first one got the same essence the same spirit of that one.”Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dan Cohen AUTHOR Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake is a valuable asset for the Navy that likely wouldn’t be threatened by a prospective BRAC round, the Navy’s top installations official told the China Lake Alliance during a luncheon last week.At the same time, the aquifer that China Lake relies on is in overdraft, jeopardizing the long-term sustainability of the installation located in the Western Mojave Desert region of California, said Dennis McGinn, assistant secretary for energy, installations and environment.“Even if there were not China Lake and the Naval Air Warfare Center here, this would be an unsustainable situation,” he said, reported the Ridgecrest Daily Independent. “If you’re pulling more out of the aquifer than is being replenished, it’s going to go away, and there will be economic impacts of that.”McGinn’s comments were hardly surprising for the alliance, which has the made ensuring the long-term sustainability of the aquifer that supports the Indian Wells Valley its highest priority. The alliance, the community-military support group for the installation, has been working with officials from Kern County and the Navy on a solution, which is expected to take several years to identify.One step toward that solution will be the formation of a local groundwater sustainability agency.Beyond the issue of China Lake’s water security, McGinn told the alliance that the installation is well positioned for a future round of base closures.“Over the years, China Lake has done a tremendous amount of work and analysis in demonstrating military value, which is the primary characteristic that is looked for when you’re deciding whether to keep open, close or augment a base,” he said.It’s unclear when Congress will green light a BRAC round, McGinn told attendees.“Maybe next year. But I’ll tell you, if you keep doing the things you’re doing, continuing to focus on effectiveness of mission … and making the case that a taxpayer dollar spent here produces capability where and when it’s most needed, BRAC for China Lake is an interesting factor, but one that’s not threatening,” he said.
(NOTE: The Town recently announced that Curbside Collection of Christmas Trees will begin on Tuesday, January 7, 2019.)STOW, MA — “Start the new year off right by promptly disposing of your Christmas tree. A dried out Christmas tree will ignite quickly and spread a fire very fast,” said Deputy State Fire Marshal Maribel Fournier. “Whether your tradition is to put up your Christmas tree right after Thanksgiving or just before Christmas, trees should be taken down promptly, and disposed of properly. Even a well-watered tree quickly dries out and becomes a danger.”Disposal of the TreeTake advantage of community pick-up days or recycling programs, many of which start next week. To find out if your community has a Christmas tree recycling program, contact your local public works department or recycling committee. The Mass. Department of Environmental Protection has information on Christmas tree recycling at: https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2018/02/05/xmastree-recycling.pdf. Some local goat farms accept bare tree and wreath donations as they are looking for greens things to eat.Dried Out Trees Are Fuel for Fires Indoors and OutOver the past few years, there have been several fires involving Christmas trees that lingered too long in homes.“It is important to dispose of your tree promptly after the holiday. If a fire should start for any reason, a tree will help the spread extremely rapidly,” Fournier said.On January 12, 2014, at 6:13 p.m., the Walpole Fire Department was called to a fire in a single-family home. The Christmas tree in the living room had ignited and someone had tried to push it out a nearby sliding door, where it got stuck. The fire soon spread to the roof joists. Two residents were injured. Smoke alarms had alerted the occupants to the fire. Firefighters were able to quickly knock down the fire. The home did not have sprinklers and damages were estimated to be $50,000.The only Christmas tree fire in 2017 occurred during open burning season in April. High winds spread the outdoor fire and destroyed a shed in Barre.Fournier added: “Discarded Christmas trees can also provide an easy fuel for arsonists. An abandoned tree is frequently attractive to vandals.”On January 3, 2015, at 2:52 a.m., the Somerville Fire Department responded to an outdoor Christmas tree fire on the side of the road. Someone had intentionally lit the tree on fire.For more information on fire safety, contact your local fire department or the Office of the State Fire Marshal at 1-877-9 NO FIRE or on-line at www.mass.gov/dfs.(NOTE: The above press release is from the Massachusetts Department of Fire Services.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org. Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedGet Ready For Wilmington’s Curbside Collection Of Christmas Trees To BeginIn “Government”Start The New Year Off Right: Safely Dispose Of Your Christmas TreeIn “Government”State Fire Marshal Issues Holiday Decorating Safety TipsIn “Government”
Charminar: HMWSSB BMS union president K Shankar along with other union leaders Ramesh, Sathyanarayana, Amareshwar, Mohan Das and Srinivasa Chari met the board workers in the city on Friday as part election campaign and appealed to them to vote for BMS in the forthcoming union elections.Speaking during his campaign, K Shankar criticized the recognized union for providing any facilities to the workers. The recognised union has failed to provide houses and health cards to employees, he said. He warned them of the government plans to privatize the water board. He said that the state government has never cared for water board employees. Also Read – Golden 90’s Music Superstars – Alka Yagnik & Kumar Sanu LIVE in Concert will be performing together for the very 1st time in the city of pearls,… Advertise With Us While the neighbouring state has given 27 per cent IR to its employees, the Telangana government, which has promised PRC in July 2018, did not even give IR, he lamented. He warned employees not to vote for Kamagar and TRS unions as both are affiliated to TRS government. He exuded confidence that BMS would win in the forthcoming elections as he has received tremendous response from the board employees.
New Delhi: The Supreme Court Monday agreed to examine the constitutional validity of certain legal provisions that allow abortion only to save the woman’s life or in case of abnormal foetus and allegedly violate women’s right to health, “free reproductive choice” and “privacy”. The apex court sought response of the Central government on a PIL of three women who have sought that provisions like sections 3(2) (a) and 3(2) (b) of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, be declared as “void and unconstitutional” as they were violative of their fundamental rights. “Issue notice,” said a bench comprising Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Deepak Gupta. The plea, filed by Swati Agarwal, Garima Sekseria, Prachi Vats, said a provision of the MTP Act mandated that the opinion of a registered medical practitioner to terminate pregnancy would be needed and the abortion after 20 weeks can only be allowed on the ground of risk to life of a pregnant woman and it violated the women’s right to health, reproductive choice and privacy. Also Read – Dehydrated elephant being given treatment Advertise With Us Section 3(2) (a) of the Act provided that for pregnancies not exceeding 12 weeks, a medical practitioner need to state that continuance of pregnancy would involve a risk to the woman’s life or cause grave injury to her physical or mental health or there is substantial risk to the child if born, as it would suffer from serious physical or mental health abnormalities. “The provision imposed severe restriction on the exercise of the reproductive choice of the woman by providing for a precondition of an opinion by the medical practitioner about there being a risk to the life of the lady or of grave physical or mental injury or risk of serious fetal abnormalities if the pregnancy is continued. Also Read – CBI carrying out surprise checks at 150 government departments Advertise With Us “The restriction puts an undue burden on the exercise of free reproductive choice and renders it meaningless. This provision in substance makes right to terminate pregnancy an exception which is otherwise recognized as an important facet of right to life, human dignity, autonomy and self-determination,” it said. The plea also sought direction to declare section 3(2)(b), which restricted the termination of pregnancy not exceeding 20 weeks on the ground of risk to the life of the woman or the child when born, as unconstitutional and void. The plea said the right to choose whether to conceive and carry pregnancy to its full term or to terminate it was at the core of one’s privacy, dignity, personal autonomy, bodily integrity, self-determination and right to health. Advertise With Us “The state cannot compel a woman to continue a pregnancy against her will when continuance of pregnancy will entail physical, mental and socio-economic consequences which far outweigh the consequences that ensue as a result of termination of pregnancy,” it said. “Keeping in view the fact that India lacked robust diagnostic infrastructure especially in rural areas, complications in advance stages of pregnancy, change in physical/ mental/ socio-economic situation of the pregnant woman, the restriction of 20 weeks was excessive when safe abortions was possible as late as towards 26 weeks,” it said. The plea further sought direction to declare explanation 2 to section 3(2) of the Act as unconstitutional and void as it adversely affects the sexual autonomy of single women. The provision provides that where any pregnancy occurs as a result of failure of any device or method used by any married woman or her husband for the purpose of limiting the number of children, the anguish caused by such unwanted pregnancy may be presumed to constitute a grave injury to the mental health of the pregnant woman. It added that several studies conducted suggest that unmarried sexually active women face considerable obstacles to contraceptive use and abortion facilities and hence affording protection only to married women was arbitrary and amounts to hostile discrimination. The plea also challenged Section 3(4) of the Act which said that no pregnancy of a woman, who has not attained the age of eighteen years, or, who, having attained the age of eighteen years, is a lunatic, will be terminated except with the consent in writing of her guardian. It sought direction to declare Section 5 of the Act, which provided termination of pregnancy beyond 20 weeks only on the ground of immediate necessity of saving the life of the woman, as unconstitutional and void. “Restricting the permissible length of pregnancy to 20 weeks is excessive and harsh. With the advent of science and technology diagnosis of fetal abnormalities is possible at subsequent stages and with the advancement of science and technology it has become possible to terminate pregnancy even at later stages,” the plea said. The plea sought direction for implementation of the MTP (Amendment) Bill, 2014 which had proposed to do away with the requirement of the opinion of a registered medical practitioner to terminate pregnancy and also to enhance it to 24 weeks. It said that in the case of minors, there should be an alternative route for making safe abortions accessible in a situation where the guardian refused consent.
Hyderabad: Dr Bharat Patodiya, consultant medical oncologist and lung cancer specialist, American Oncology Institute, has been awarded the prestigious ‘Certificate of Advanced Studies UZH in lung cancer by the European School of Oncology, University of Zurich UZH. This qualifies him to be on a par with the practitioners in the field in Europe, and certifies the equivalence of the candidate to the European lung cancer specialists.
The authorities of Jessore University of Science and Technology (JUST) have suspended seven students, reportedly activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL), on charge of beating up some students of the university, reports UNB.The decision was taken at an emergency meeting of the Regent Board at the conference room of JUST Vice-chancellor professor M Anwar Hossain with the VC in the chair on Saturday noon, said a press release signed by M Abdur Rashid, public relations officer of the university.The suspended students are – SM Shamim Hasan and Biplab Kumar Dey of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Department, Tanvir Faysal of Environmental Science and Technology Department, M Al Mamun Simon and M Masudur Rahman Rony of Physical Education and Sports Science Department, and Tanvir Ahmed Tanin and Ashik Khandaker of Petroleum and Mining Engineering Department.Among the suspended students SM Shamim Hasan is the general secretary and six others are the activists of JUST unit of BCL, the press release said.The university authorities also formed a five-member probe body with M Nasim Reza, dean of Health Science Faculty, as the convener to look into the matter and lodge cases against the accused students.The probe committee has been asked to submit its report within next 10 working days.On 5 October, a group of BCL leaders and activists of the university unit, led by its general secretary Shamim Hasan, carried out an attack on the students of Shaheed Moshiur Rahman Hall.During the attack, they threw Subrata Biwas, president of the BCL unit of the university, out of the third floor to the ground floor, and beat up the followers of Subrata, alleged the victims.Later, the injured were admitted to local hospitals.
(PhysOrg.com) — Zipf’s law is a testament to the order in our world, showing that the same patterns emerge in a wide variety of situations. The linguist George Kingsley Zipf first proposed the law in 1949, when he noticed that the distribution of words in a newspaper, book, or other literary article always followed the same pattern. As the researchers explain, the Linux network is constantly changing: new packages enter, some disappear, and others gain or lose connectivity. Yet throughout the 12 years, the distribution of packages, as ranked by their number of incoming links from other packages, has followed Zipf’s law, with a few very popular packages having much greater connectivity than most. While many previous models of Zipf’s law start with the assumption that the set of entities (e.g. packages) appeared at the same time, the Swiss researchers track the time evolution of package connectivity in the Linux network since 1996. This perspective enabled them to test for the presence of specific characteristics of the growth of the Linux network, which leads to the emergence of Zipf’s law. Using the data, they showed that the growth rates of connectivities between packages are proportional to the degree of connectivity between packages. In addition, they showed empirically that the average growth rate of the total number of links to a given package over a time interval is proportional to that time interval. Further, the variability of the total number of links to a given package increases proportionally to the square-root of time, providing a crucial test of the mechanism of stochastic proportional growth of connectivity between packages. Altogether, these characteristics are responsible for the universal distribution pattern of Zipf’s law.“We show that the distribution of connectivity of new entrants is also a power law with an exponent much bigger than 1, confirming that the proportional growth mechanism is solely responsible for the Zipf’s law,” Maillart said.He explained that, while Linux data allowed the researchers to confirm the origins of Zipf’s law, their results bring up more questions.“Linux Debian gave us the opportunity to verify the ‘proportional mechanism,’ thanks to an important dataset and a huge investigation potential,” Maillart said. “All changes (evolution) in open source software are freely available and therefore can be tracked in detail. However, model verification has brought one answer and many resulting questions we intend to give an answer to. We think particularly of mechanisms of success/failure of projects in relation with their management. “Remember that we still do not clearly understand the reasons of the success of the open source, since it’s free and based on altruist contributions by programmers,” he said. “Additionally, one can bet that further research in this direction (open source and proportional growth) may raise useful questions for other systems (cities, economy, etc.) that would bring new insights to explain their evolution.”More information: T. Maillart.; D. Sornette; S. Spaeth, and G. von Krogh. “Empircal Tests of Zipf’s Law Mechanism in Open Source Linux Distribution.” Physical Review Letters 101 218701 (2008).Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Zipf counted how many times each word appeared, and found that the probability of the occurrence of words starts high and tapers off. Specifically, the most frequent word occurs about twice as often as the second most frequent word, which occurs about twice as often as the fourth most frequent word, and so on. Mathematically, this means that the frequency of any word is inversely proportional to its rank. When the Zipf curve is plotted on a log-log scale, it appears as a straight line with a slope of -1.Since Zipf’s discovery, researchers have found that the power law describes many other natural and human phenomena, including the distribution of cities ranked by their population, the distribution of corporate wealth, and Internet traffic characteristics.When analyzing systems that follow Zipf’s law, researchers usually assume certain mechanisms to be responsible for this patterned behavior. However, no one has ever empirically demonstrated that these assumed mechanisms are indeed the origin of Zipf’s law. Now, a team of researchers from ETH Zürich (the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich) in Switzerland has confirmed that these assumed mechanisms – such as scale-free, proportional growth rates – are at the origin of Zipf’s law. The researchers used four orders of magnitude of data detailing the evolution of open source software applications created for a Linux operating system to confirm the assumption.The team studied Debian Linux, a free operating system continuously being developed by more than 1,000 volunteers from around the world. Developers create software packages, such as text editors or music players, that are added to the system. Beginning with 474 packages in 1996, Debian Linux has expanded to include more than 18,000 packages today. The packages form an intricate network, with some packages having greater connectivity than others, as defined by how many other packages depend on a given package. “Open source offers a unique opportunity provided by the high completeness of data concerning open source (thanks to the disclosure policy of the open source terms of license),” lead author Thomas Maillart of ETH Zürich told PhysOrg.com. “Debian Linux allowed us to retrieve exhaustive information from several years ago. Many other complex systems are not so well ‘documented.’” When the Zipf curve is plotted on a log-log scale, it appears as a straight line with a slope of -1. This graph shows that four Debian Linux releases each follow Zipf’s law: Woody (orange), Sarge (green), Etch (blue) and Lenny (black). Credit: T. Maillart, et al. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Linux Evolution Reveals Origins of Curious Mathematical Phenomenon (2008, December 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-12-linux-evolution-reveals-curious-mathematical.html
eTN Chatroom for Readers (join us) A conservative-leaning state in Germany has dropped plans to challenge gay marriage equality laws for same-sex couples. Germany brought the laws in last year giving same-sex couples full marital rights and allows them to adopt children.And now Bavarian state government, run by the CDU’s sister party in the area the CSU, announced on Tuesday they would not make the challenge to Germany’s marriage equality law.393 politicians voted for marriage equality, while 266 voted against including the Chancellor Angela Merkel.But Merkel did remove the whip from her Christian Democratic Union, allowing members of parliament to ‘vote with their conscience.’The Bavarian state who wanted to challenge this decision then sought legal advice. With the advice they had ‘little chance of winning’ their case – they decided to drop their legal challenge.The legal advice was outlined in documents published on the local government’s website.The Bavarian Minister of Justice Winfried Bausback says:‘After an overall assessment, the prospects of a lawsuit before the Federal Constitutional Court are considered to be low,’ according to Queer.De. The local CSU party did want the challenge the ‘marriage for all bill’ | Instagram: mrtheodoreweddings Menswear adverts showing gay men kissing are being vandalized GAYSTARNEWS- Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… Got a news tip? Want to share your story? Email us . Germany votes to legalize same-sex marriageAustralian state may stop religious schools from anti-gay discriminationDisappointment for LGBT rights in Taiwan after gay tourism is boomingRead the full article on Gaystarnews: :https://www.gaystarnews.com/article/bavaria-drops-gay-marriage-challenge/ Anti-gay marriage challenge dropped: welcomed by local activistsLocal LGBTI activists and politicians are welcoming the move.Isabell Zacharias, the spokeswoman for the SPD parliamentary group, says:‘This decision is unfortunately only the result of a purely legal assessment. Politicians still have a strong opposition to the equality of homosexual partnerships.’The local far-right AfD remain opposed. Moreover, in a Facebook post, they criticised the once ‘Bavarian Lions’ for now being ‘whimsical kittens’ after withdrawing the plans.The national arm of the AfD party in Germany can not currently challenge the law Germany’s federal parliament, the Bundestag, as they do not have the required numbers.Same-sex couples in Germany have been able to have civil partnerships since 2001, but until last year same-sex marriages were possible.The German legal code now defines marriage as a partnership ‘for life by two people of different or the same sex’.Read more on Gay Star News:Vigilantes raid home of ‘gay’ men who were sent to Islamic school to ‘cure’ them