Surviving from birth: extreme poverty compromises the development of 250 million children

first_imgMalnourished children in a nutrition center in Niger. Image: Reuters The first 1,000 days of growth are crucialIn sub-Saharan Africa 66% of children are at risk Although infant mortality has declined worldwide, approximately 250 million children (43%) in low and middle-income countries are at risk of not fulfilling their development potential due to extreme poverty and delays in growth, according to the findings of a series of three documents on early childhood development, published in the journal The Lancet.The first thousand days in a child’s life, from conception, are recognized as a crucial period of development, but many children are exposed to poor sanitation, infections, lack of affective care and inadequate stimulation during this time. The new estimates suggest that children who do not meet their development potential may lose up to a quarter of the average development capacity and that the overall cost to countries can be up to twice their national health expenditure. The findings reveal the importance of providing nutritional care – defined as care that promotes health, nutrition, safety and early learning – to help children reach their developmental potential. Although most families provide this type of care for their children, many cannot because of poverty, poor working conditions, violence or lack of support policies. The authors find that there is good evidence to support early childhood development programs but that many lack adequate funding or lack resources. “A growing number of children are surviving, but they begin their life at a disadvantage because they do not receive the nutritional care they need. Prioritizing the policies, laws and financing of early childhood development programs is essential to ensure their success , such as creating a policy environment that supports affective care, free preschool education and breastfeeding support, “says series author Linda Richter, a professor at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. “Our economic analysis shows that the cost of inaction is huge and in many countries it is much higher than your health expenditure. Supporting affective care is a good investment and should be a priority in all countries,” says the co-author of the Gary Darmstadt series, professor at the Stanford University School of Medicine in the United States. center_img Need for parenting support A new analysis, published in the magazine The Lancet Global Health To accompany the series, it offers updated estimates on the number of children at risk of poor development. While universal standards for measuring child development are not yet available, there is strong evidence that exposure to developmental slowdown and extreme poverty are associated with poorer cognitive and educational development, worse adult health and health. lower income The analysis estimates that in 2010, 249.4 million children (43%) in low and middle-income countries were at risk of poor development as a result of deficiencies and extreme poverty, having declined since those of 279.1 million in 2004 In sub-Saharan Africa, it is estimated that 66% of children are at risk of poor development due to stunted growth and poverty; 65% in South Asia, and 18% in the Caribbean and South America. The evidence strongly suggests that parents, caregivers and families need support in foster care. A number of policies are known to be effective, but there are still large differences in their dispensation, such as early schooling, since only 4% of countries provide at least one year of free preschool education and even in high-income countries , almost a third do not offer free preschool education. Only 40 countries provide the recommended amount of free preschool education at 2 years. As regards paid parental leave – which can support the union and care of young children – eight countries do not guarantee paid maternity leave and most establish a minimum of 12 weeks with the payment of at least two thirds of the salary , but without reaching the submerged economy, and only 77 countries provide some kind of parental permission. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of several childhood illnesses and improves cognitive function, so in 139 countries they guarantee breastfeeding permits for at least six months and in 43 countries the payments of those permits are guaranteed. However, this does not cover the submerged economy and many women cannot breastfeed in the workplace, do not have a place in employment where milk is extracted or does not have available refrigeration systems. Having a basic income can help provide children with basic needs such as health and education. Although minimum wage policies exist in 88% of countries, many of them do not guarantee an income that is above the poverty level of two dollars per day for a parent who supports a child. To assess the ability to pay for interventions, the authors estimated the cost of expanding two actions aimed at promoting the care of parenting and the treatment of maternal depression. The extension of coverage to 98% would have an estimated additional cost of $ 34,000 million over the next 15 years for both interventions and an additional cost of $ 0.5 per capita in 2030, or a 10% increase in spending on previously published estimates for a comprehensive set of women and children’s health services. The authors also calculated the cost of inaction. For the 249.4 million children in low- and middle-income countries at risk of poor development due to extreme poverty and stunted growth, their average income as adults per year is likely to be reduced by approximately 26%. At the national level, the cost of inaction in the future may be much higher than the current national health expenditure of some countries.last_img read more

Over 100,000 US visas issued to Guyanese in 3 years

first_imgThe United States Embassy here in Guyana has issued over 100,000 visas over the past three years.This was revealed by Deputy Chief of Mission at the US Embassy, Terry Steers-Gonzalez.Steers-Gonzalez was at the time speaking about the achievements of outgoing US Ambassador Perry Holloway at a farewell reception held in Holloway’s honour on Friday evening.“The Consular Section, in the Ambassador’s time here, has issued over 18,000 immigrant visas and 86,133 – not to be too exact – non-immigrant visas, which is over half of all the non-immigrant visas issued by this Embassy so far this 21st century,” Steers-Gonzalez said.Over the past three years, the number of non-immigrant visas issued to Guyanese by the United States Embassy has seen increases by over several thousand eachDeputy Chief of Mission at the US Embassy, Terry Steers-Gonzalezyear. In fact, at July 2017, the US Embassy had processed more than 72,000 non-immigrants and 7000 immigrant visas with a low refusal rate.At the time, Ambassador Holloway had attributed this trend to the improving economic situation in Guyana.“The improving economic situation over the last few years has led to our refusal rate coming down significantly, from a high of well over 50 percent five years ago, to one much lower today and luckily for us only a small percent of Guyanese, who go to the US actually abuse their visas and stay illegally,” the US Diplomat had stated.Moreover, the Embassy’s Consular Section and the Regional Security Office has been working with local law enforcement to obtain the first successful prosecution for visa fraud in Guyana, which resulted in an Internet Café vendor being imprisoned.Ambassador Holloway had also sought to alley fears of a change of his country’s policy to Guyana.“The fears that we were disengaging or even forgetting about Guyana were quite simply misplaced fears. Bilateral relations could not be better… a lot is going on and there is more to come,” he had indicated.In 2015, some 51,000 non-immigrant visas were processed by the US Embassy here. This figure was a 20,000 increased from the 31,000 processed in 2014. In 2016, 72,000 visas were processed.With regards to the immigrant visas, however, there has been a declining pattern. A total of 6403 immigrant visas were processed in 2014; 6154 in 2015 and 5600 in 2016.On the other hand, there has been a crackdown on illegal immigrants in the US in recent months and Guyana was listed as one of the countries which could lose visa access if the Government refuses to accept deportees.last_img read more

No relief in gas prices as reliance on imports remains: analyst

first_imgMcTeague continued: “Of course, as Canadians, we did content ourselves for years saying we could continue to optimize our refineries, shut down one here, shut one down there, safe in the knowledge that we could meet demand some other way by importing, especially from the US.“Well, now that has a huge cost, not only in terms of the Americans saying, ‘Hey, we don’t have enough for ourselves,’ (but) our Canadian dollar, which has lost the equivalent of 12 cents in value since last year per litre, really has an impact.“When we had that to the taxes, it’s a quadruple whammy,” McTeague said.Prior to his policy and public relations advisory work, Mr. McTeague had a distinguished 18-year career as an outspoken Ontario Liberal Member of Parliament beginning in 1993 and extending over two decades to 2011.Advertisement That noted, we asked how he viewed — in terms of gasoline pricing — a voter shift this fall, from what is generally tabbed the energy industry friendly Conservative government.“If you get a New Democrat or Liberal government, look for a four cent increase no matter what,” McTeague said.“They’re not going to change the distortions we see. Although it’s a great, wonderful thing to put a tax on carbon, which both the NDP and the Liberals, and I suspect the Greens as well, are in favour of, and with the oil companies now saying they like the idea, they know that motorists, consumers are ultimately going to pay for this.“So, if we’re on board, and either of those parties prevail, expect prices to increase,” he said.Meantime, speaking of the distortions we now see, at the end of last week, the common price in Dawson Creek was 14 cents a litre a less than the one in Fort St. John, at a 114.9 cents, and believe it or not, the low end price in Alberta, was a dollar more, than the high end price in BC.We’re talking 60 cents a litre at the Gas N Go station at Namao, north of Edmonton –and a 159.9 cents a litre at the Driftwood Auto and Marine Centre on Pender Island, in Georgia Straight.Advertisement With the price of crude oil still well below $60 a barrel, Canadian motorists continue to pay retail gasoline prices that has many oil and gas industry analysts scratching their heads in amazement.The monitor had the Canadian average price at the end of last week at a 118.7 cents a litre.Meantime, the American Automobile Association had the U.S. average at $2.77 an American gallon — or 73.1 cents a litre.That’s a 45-cent differential and it moves to 55 when the American average is compared to the common price in Fort St. John.- Advertisement -For an explanation we went again to Gas Buddy senior analyst, Dan McTeague.“We know for a fact the United States, as far as production is concerned, had a bad couple of months leading into their long weekend,” McTeague said.“We also know that the demand picture in the U.S. is skyrocketing. The last observance by the energy information agency showed the demand year over year (is) at least seven per cent. That’s the highest increase we’ve seen since 2007. Whether it’s the function of the U.S. economy getting back on its feet, Americans taking advantage of cheaper fuel prices… either way, it means that there continues to be a fundamental problem of short supply, higher demand, equaling higher prices.Advertisementlast_img read more

Aston Villa 2-1 Hull City: Villans see off Tigers to continue unbeaten start

first_img Aston Villa forward Gabriel Agbonlahor 1 Aston Villa held on to claim their second win of the season and climb up to third place in the Premier League table with a 2-1 victory over Hull City at Villa Park.Gabriel Agbonlahor and Andreas Weimann netted in the first-half as the Villans stretched out a comfortable lead, though they were forced to ensure a nervy finale as Nikica Jelavic pulled one back for the Tigers late in the second-half.Still, it was overall a pretty straightforward affair for the hosts as Paul Lambert’s men continue their unbeaten start to the new top flight season, while Steve Bruce’s side never really found their top gear.The visitors looked lost in front of goal for the majority of the game and failed to really trouble American goalkeeper Brag Guzan, with former Everton forward Jelavic’s 74th minute strike their first shot on target.At the other end, meanwhile, Hull just couldn’t handle the pace and trickery of the likes of Agbonlahor and Weimann, as the West Midlands side continue to cope well without injured frontman Christian Benteke.Villa dominated right from the off, with Weimann powering down the left and threading a pass into the feet of midfielder Fabian Delph, with the new England man smashing an effort against the crossbar.And, after Hull attempted to force an immediate reply for a corner, which was easily cleared by big Ron Vlaar, the hosts opened the scoring after 14 minutes of play.Weimann again was the provider, the Austrian’s brilliant touch setting Agbonlahor free in the edge of the box as the 27-year-old found the back of the net with a low rifled finish.Villa continued to press, with Delph firing wide shortly after, as Hull allowed the hosts to dominate possession, though the Tigers did gain confidence as the match progressed.And they were soon appealing for a penalty when defender Ashley Westwood appeared to handle as he mistimed an attempted headed clearance, though referee Mark Clattenburg waved play on to leave Steve Bruce raging.Tom Huddlestone then went close with a deflected free-kick but Hull’s efforts to work their way back into the game seemed in vain as Weimann netted Villa second in the 36th minute.It marked the side’s third goal of the season from their third shot on target, as the forward hammered home from close-range after a great cross from Kieran Richardson.The match went flat after the break, with one of the only highlights being a woeful attempt at a corner kick from Huddlestone, whose outside of the foot effort went straight out for a goal-kick.Hull took advantage of the lull as Jelavic grabbed a lifeline for the visitors, the Croatian heading on from substitute Robbie Brady’s free-kick, with his effort going in off Aly Cissokho’s forehead.The goal seemed to pull Villa out of their second-half lapse, with Delph again going close with a 20-yard drive, though Guzan then had to be alert to tip Jake Livermore’s curling shot over the bar.Late substitute Darren Bent had a great chance to cap off the victory in the final stages but could only scuff his effort hopelessly wide, though it mattered little as Aston Villa closed out a deserved triumph.last_img read more

Neymar on fast track to full fitness says Brazil teammate Danilo

first_img0Shares0000Brazil’s striker Neymar (R) high-fives Willian (L) as they take part in a training session at Tottenham Hotspur’s Enfield Training Centre, north-east of London ahead of their friendly with Croatia. © AFP / Ben STANSALLLONDON, United Kingdom, May 30 – Brazil star Neymar is getting fitter every day as the striker recovers from a broken foot, Brazil teammate Danilo said from their pre-World Cup training camp in London on Wednesday.The Paris Saint Germain forward was injured in February and is yet to play a match since then, with two weeks to go before the World Cup kicks off in Russia. “He’s getting better every day, getting faster, more agile and more difficult to defend against,” said Manchester City’s Danilo, who knows Neymar from his Santos days.“He’s so fast you wouldn’t know whether to go, left, right, forwards or backwards,” Danilo said of Neymar’s trickery.“We hope he’ll be 100% ready or as ready as is possible.”Brazil play Croatia at Liverpool June 3 and against Austria in Vienna on June 10 before their opening World Cup game with Switzerland June 17.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Griezmann on target as France defeat Bolivia

first_img0Shares0000France’s forward Antoine Griezmann celebrates after scoring a goal during the friendly match France against Bolivia at La Beaujoire stadium in Nantes, Western France on June 2, 2019. © AFP / Sebastien SALOM-GOMISNANTES, France, Jun 3 – Antoine Griezmann scored as France eased past Bolivia 2-0 in a friendly in Nantes on Sunday, ahead of the world champions’ resumption of their Euro 2020 qualifying campaign.Thomas Lemar gave France the lead on five minutes and Griezmann, who last month announced he was leaving Atletico Madrid after five seasons, notched a second before the break. Griezmann moved eighth on the list of France’s all-time leading scorers with his 29th goal as he surpassed 1998 World Cup winner Youri Djorkaeff.He is now just one goal behind Just Fontaine and Jean-Pierre Papin, and two adrift of Zinedine Zidane.There was a slight note of concern for France though as they lost Kylian Mbappe to an ankle injury at half-time.Didier Deschamps’ side return to competitive action on June 8 when they face Turkey in Group H. Both nations have six points from two matches.“We needed to get a little warm-up in. It’s going to be tough in Turkey, we’ll have to be ready,” said Griezmann.“I may not be in top form. This match will do me good, to get some minutes and be in good shape for Saturday.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more


first_imgOver 100 young scouts from all over Donegal and Tyrone assembled on a sun-kissed Culdaff over the weekend for the Errigal Scout County Scout Challenge where they undertook a number of scouting challenges along an 8k hike.Scouts from Lifford, Letterkenny, Raphoe, Strabane, Castlederg, Buncrana Carndonagh, Clonmany, Quigley’s Point as well as host group Bocan arrived at the campsite on the farm of the Mills Family who provided the facility at short notice. Scouts from all groups were split into smaller groups with members of other groups providing great opportunities for making new friends and leanring new skills from each other.On Saturday morning they all set off on an 8k hike along the coast road stopping off at 10 locations along the way to undertake a number of scouting challenges including, making rope ladders, cooking on Triangia’s, learning compass and map reading and completing a number of team building puzzles.Later that evening they got a change to go on a zip line and then finish off the night with a Campfire.A lot of credit must go to the host group 20th Donegal (Bocan) who took on the responsibility recently when they original host were unable to facilitate, so a big thanks to all the Leaders and helpers in providing a great event (and weather) at such short notice.    DONEGAL SCOUTS HIT CULDAFF FOR ERRIGAL COUNTY SCOUT CHALLENGE was last modified: April 16th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:culdaffErrigal County Scout Challengelast_img read more

Carlos Bacca UPDATE: Arsenal, Everton and West Ham target to be SOLD this summer

first_img1 AC Milan are ready to show West Ham target Carlos Bacca the door to help fund a move for Borussia Dortmund star Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.Milan are set on revamping their forward line this summer and they have already begun to splash the cash.The Italian club have brought in Andre Silva from Porto and Sunderland’s Fabio Borini, however they want to add Aubameyang into the mix too.But to do that, some of the current crop of strikers need to leave the San Siro and, according to Gazzetta dello Sport, Bacca is one of those who will be shown the door.That will come as good news to West Ham, who have been tracking the Colombian for over a year now and may well firm up their interest with a formal offer.As well as Bacca, fellow forward Gianluca Lapadula will reportedly be axed as Milan continue to revamp their squad for the new season.Premier League clubs Arsenal and Everton have also been linked with the 30-year-old in recent weeks. Carlos Bacca last_img read more

Liverpool chief hailed as ‘genius’ after amazing transfer clause emerges

first_img targets Barcelona: “OK, we’ll agree to the £100 million clause for LFC players in the future”Michael Edwards:— 🔴 Two Red Gringos LFC 🎙 (@TwoRedGringos) November 21, 2018 2 LIVING THE DREAM Arise Sir Michael Edwards— F L A M E Z (@joshwortho) November 21, 2018 Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father Barcelona will have to pay a €100million (£89million) premium on top of any transfer fee if they want to sign any players from Liverpool before 2020.It has emerged this week that the Reds’ sporting director, Michael Edwards, negotiated the clause as part of Philippe Coutinho’s £142million move to the Nou Camp in January. Latest Transfer News targets Send Michael Edwards to negotiate Brexit. He’d walk out in 5mins with the entire EU in the palm of his hand.— Mo Syed (@Moessi81) November 21, 2018 And to say some of the Anfield faithful are happy with the reported clause is an understatement, with a selection of them taking to Twitter to hail the sporting director.Edwards was promoted into the role – one of the most powerful at the club in November 2016 – and, according to the club, the move was welcomed by manager Jurgen Klopp, who praised the executive’s contribution and influence in helping to assemble the current playing set-up within the first team. Suarez moved to Barca for £75m in 2014 LATEST IN DEMAND RANKED Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland moving on center_img Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ Liverpool initially refused to sell Coutinho when Barca made official approaches for him in the summer of 2017 – turning down three bids for the club’s former no.10.Offers of £72m, £90m and £118m were all rejected by the Reds as Klopp fought hard to retain the creative hub of his midfield in the closing stages of the summer transfer window last year.Coutinho handed in a transfer request on the eve of the 2017/18 campaign in an attempt to force through a move but the Reds finally gave in early in the next window. Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti An alleged clause in the Coutinho agreement effectively ends any chance of Liverpool players joing Barca before 2020 The Brazilian became the third most expensive player of all time behind Neymar and Kylian Mbappe when he made the move from Merseyside.However, the Liverpool Echo report that, as part of the deal, Liverpool forced Barca to agree to paying an additional €100m on top of an agreed fee should they try to sign any more players from the club before 2020.This move effectively safeguards Liverpool from having their stars cherry-picked by a club that acquired Javier Mascherano from them in 2010 before landing Luis Suarez in 2014.Barca were rumoured to be interested in goalkeeper Simon Mignolet but if they were to make an approach, he would be available for a minimum of £89m. Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer 2 Michael Edwards, what a guy, he certainly knows how to do his job, unlike Ian Ayre, what a difference. Well #Barcelona, do you fancy coming in for any more off our players very soon? 😂 #LFC #MichaelEdwards #100MillionEurosClause— Benno (@LFCandPROUD) November 21, 2018 Michael Edwards is a Nabil Fekir away from a statue outside Anfield— Josh (@KloppStyle) November 21, 2018 Michael Edwards. Damn Son, What a Hit!Genius transfer dealings from the man. Give the man a song now!#YNWA #LFC #transferdeals— Sweet’nSourScouser (@warrenquan) November 21, 2018 Michael Edwards deserves a statue outside Anfield. What a genius. #LFC— Adrian (@LFCAdrian_) November 21, 2018 REVEALED Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade last_img read more


first_imgThe homecoming for a heroKILMACRENNAN BOY Oisin Kelly is the toast of Donegal – after taking gold in the All-Ireland U11 Cross Country Championships at the weekend.And the people of the area came out in force last night to welcome home the Cranford AC runner to put on a reception for Donegal’s latest All-Ireland hero.This young lad has excelled both in track and field athletics both for school and club since he started. He has had a huge number of successes culminating in yesterday’s wonderful achievement.There was a great turn out for his homecoming last night in Kilmacrennan when he got back with his parents Marie and Tom Kelly from Kilmacrennan, his family, friends, teachers and the entire community of Kilmacrennan wished him well.And a massive congratulations to his team members & all other members from Kilmacrennan and surrounding towns for winning medals for their club Cranford AC. PICTURE SPECIAL: GOLDEN BOY OISIN RETURNS HOME WITH ALL-IRELAND GOLD! was last modified: December 8th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:All Ireland championCranford ACCross CountrykilmacrennanOISIN KELLYlast_img read more