Off-campus students experience break-ins

first_img Hechlinski said he recommends students introduce themselves to their neighbors, as well as keeping doors locked while at home and using porch lights at night. He also recommended students taking advantage of the off-campus student website,, which has a list of “Crime Alerts” and maps showing crime locations. “Kevin came downstairs and grabbed a ski pole,” McNeill said. “He walked into our dining room, where we have a cabinet and saw a guy crouched in all black.” She said Dacey then came back upstairs and warned the girls to call the police and lock themselves in their room. While upstairs they heard the back door slam as the burglar left the home. “I still wasn’t freaked out, so I walked back upstairs and asked if anyone had opened the screen,” she said. McNeill was home with her three roommates and a roommate’s boyfriend, senior Kevin Dacey, on Sept. 12, working upstairs on homework when someone entered through a downstairs window, stealing an iPod and two sets of speakers. Kristie Nozykowski, regional properties manager for Clover Ridge and Clover Village, said she was not aware of any burglaries happening on their properties, although there have been several bicycle thefts. “[Residents] can talk to us if anything happens, and we can get involved with the police,” she said. Sergeant Pat Hechlinski of the SBPD Crime Prevention Unit said he compiles these reports for NDSP, searching through police reports daily and pulling the ones he believes involve students. He then speaks with NDSP Crime Prevention Officer Keri Kei Shibata, who confirms whether the victims are students. “If students are living off-campus, they need to be aware of their surroundings,” he said. “We do have people that shop from the curb,” he said. “If they see you have that there, they don’t have to come up to your house to know you got a new TV.” Senior Claire Cotter, one of McNeill’s roommates, said Kramer also installed peepholes into doors and fixed shutters on windows. “He fixed our fence and put up motion sensor lights,” she said. “We were also very impressed by how he responded very quickly.” McNeill said Dacey went downstairs to check on things. “Part of preventing the problem is the residents need to take precaution,” he said. McNeill said Kramer helped them after the burglary. The residents found a screen open Sunday — luckily, McNeill said, the window was locked. He also said when students get new, larger electronics like laptops or large televisions, they should not lay the packaging outside. “We try to take a proactive approach,” he said.  Senior Erin McNeill knew something was wrong when she walked downstairs at midnight in her off-campus house and noticed the screen on her open window was also open. “We’ll be more cautious from now on, that’s for sure,” Cotter said. He said there is one beat car patrolling the area near campus, as well as four beat cars patrolling the northeast side of South Bend. He said the only crimes against students the SBPD is aware of are the ones taking place within the city limits.  Students should put themselves in the mindset of criminals, Hechlinski said. Students should walk around outside of their housing, checking to see if any valuables are visible from the windows and to change the location of items if they are. “Now we think [the burglar] was just a kid,” senior Katie Meunier, one of McNeill’s roommates, said. “At the same time, we felt the security was missing.” This robbery hasn’t been an isolated incident. According to police reports sent by the South Bend Police Department (SBPD) and compiled by Notre Dame Security Police (NDSP), there have been six crimes involving burglary or home invasion of off-campus student housing, as well as one crime of robbery of a student, since the school year began.  “What we try to do is keep [off-campus students] as informed as best as possible of what’s happening to students,” Hechlinski said. Security measures in the properties include security alarms and systems, as well as added security during football weekends, Nozykowski said. McNeill said they were lucky to have so little taken and to be left unharmed. Local off-campus housing owners are taking security into account, Mike Kramer, owner of Kramer Properties, said. McNeill and her roommates rent from Kramer. Kramer properties have security systems installed as well as patrolling security from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. He said students should also be taking an active approach to security. “The police showed up really quickly,” she said. “I would say it took 30 seconds. We’re very impressed with the police response.”last_img read more

Notre Dame plugs into new technologies

first_imgFrom lab and classroom equipment to hallway computers and residence hall printers, Technology Enhanced Learning Spaces is responsible for devices used every day by students and faculty. Learning Spaces Manager Brian Burchett said the group’s goal is to make technology at Notre Dame accessible and easy to use. “The name Learning Space is intended to convey the idea that teaching and learning can take place anywhere. It could take place in a lounge or out in the hallway,” he said. “But it doesn’t have to be physical space. It can be a virtual space, too.” With a focus on registrar-scheduled classrooms and adjacent hallways, Burchett said the group works with both fixed and portable technologies. Over the past few years, Learning Spaces has increased the amount of technology available in classrooms. “There are slightly more than 150 registrar classrooms. Of those classrooms, we have fixed technology, like ceiling monitors and projectors, in about 130,” he said. “A few years ago, we would have only had 60 percent of the rooms with technology. Now we’re over 80 percent.” In the 20 remaining “low-tech” classrooms, faculty members are still able to use portable equipment, Burchett said. “We don’t want them to feel cut off from technology if they’re scheduled in one of those rooms,” he said. In the classrooms with fixed technology, the professor operates equipment through a control panel. Their choices include the lectern computer, an individual laptop, a DVD player and a document camera. With each use, Learning Spaces records statistics in a database for analysis. “It’s not surprising that the most overwhelmingly used device in the classroom is either the Windows computer that is provided or the laptop a professor brings,” Burchett said. “The document cameras will probably be used more because this year we completed a multi-year project of outfitting rooms with those.” Document cameras are versatile as they enable professors to act spontaneously with less preparation. Professors can use them to display objects onscreen without having to insert a photograph into their power point. Burchett said Learning Spaces has noticed a desire to incorporate music in classes. “We have more faculty now who want to bring their iPod and plug it in to play music. One professor used the document camera to display a musical score while playing the symphonic piece,” he said. “Students could then visually see the standard notation while hearing the music.” Burchett said faculty often asks for enhancements, with multiple projectors being among the most requested. “When we visit other schools like Purdue, we notice that it seems to be a trend to have more than one projector and more than one screen,” Burchett said. “We think that will be something that will happen here over the next three to five years as well.” With multiple screens, a professor might continue one static display, such as a power point, while simultaneously running a dynamic video or simulation on another. Burchett said only a few classrooms on campus allow this, but he predicts a shift to multiple screens in other classes in the future. An experimental multiple-screen classroom is located in the basement of DeBartolo Hall, Burchett said. Eight displays line the walls, with four more hung in the center from the ceiling. Eight computers are connected to these screens and the remaining space on the walls is painted with white-board paint to enable further freedom in spatial use of the room. “The idea is that there isn’t a front or back of the classroom. The professor can route anybody’s computer to any screen, to all 12 screens or a combination,” Burchett said. “The furniture moves so that the room can be rearranged.” Upon walking into the class, one section of the whiteboard reads, “Do not erase!” Scrawled underneath are comments left by faculty and students who have used the room. Burchett said that feedback from both sides is extremely valuable. “We want faculty feedback, but students often are the best evaluators of whether faculty are using technology effectively. I think everyone, whether you’re at a conference, training session, or class, has been subjected to death by PowerPoint,” he said. “There’s so much more that can be done with technology.” To gather this information, Learning Spaces conducts surveys. One quick way to give feedback is through Student Government, who meets with Learning Spaces on a regular basis. “And of course, people can always contact me directly if they want to, either by phone or in my office,” Burchett said. “If I’m in my office, come on in and tell me what you think.”last_img read more

Former dean to speak at graduation

first_img As president and CEO of Catholic Relief Services, Woo presides over the operations of the official international humanitarian agency of the Catholic community in the United States, which serves more than 130 million people in nearly 100 countries annually. Woo will also receive an honorary doctor of laws degree during the University’s Commencement ceremony May 20. Carolyn Woo, former dean of the Mendoza College of Business and current president and chief executive officer of Catholic Relief Services, will be the featured speaker at the College’s graduate commencement ceremony May 19, the University announced in a press release Friday. In addition, the Notre Dame MBA program was ranked No. 25 in the U.S. News and World Report 2013 survey of “Best Graduate Schools.” The graduate programs bestowing degrees at the May 19 ceremony include Notre Dame MBA, Executive MBA, Master of Nonprofit Administration and Master of Science in Accountancy.center_img During Woo’s tenure as dean from 1997 to 2011, the College earned top rankings for its academic programs and was recognized as the nation’s leading business school in ethics education and research. Jacqueline Novogratz, founder and chief executive officer of the nonprofit poverty-relief venture the Acumen Fund, was the keynote speaker at Mendoza’s 2011 graduate commencement ceremony.,Carolyn Woo, former dean of the Mendoza College of Business and current president and chief executive officer of Catholic Relief Services, will be the featured speaker at the College’s graduate commencement ceremony May 19, the University announced in a press release Friday. Woo will also receive an honorary doctor of laws degree during the University’s Commencement ceremony May 20. During Woo’s tenure as dean from 1997 to 2011, the College earned top rankings for its academic programs and was recognized as the nation’s leading business school in ethics education and research. In addition, the Notre Dame MBA program was ranked No. 25 in the U.S. News and World Report 2013 survey of “Best Graduate Schools.” The graduate programs bestowing degrees at the May 19 ceremony include Notre Dame MBA, Executive MBA, Master of Nonprofit Administration and Master of Science in Accountancy. As president and CEO of Catholic Relief Services, Woo presides over the operations of the official international humanitarian agency of the Catholic community in the United States, which serves more than 130 million people in nearly 100 countries annually. Jacqueline Novogratz, founder and chief executive officer of the nonprofit poverty-relief venture the Acumen Fund, was the keynote speaker at Mendoza’s 2011 graduate commencement ceremony.last_img read more

Graduating students celebrate Senior Week traditions

first_imgFor one class-free week, seniors have the opportunity to stay on campus and celebrate their four years at Notre Dame with their friends.  Senior class president Anne Huntington said Senior Week is a perfect way for seniors to have fun and spend a great week together.  “The way we saw Senior Week and what we wanted to do was to get as many members of the Class of 2012 together to celebrate our four years of friendship, fun and studying,” she said. “It is a way for us to try and hit on all the different aspects of our time here together one last time.” Some Senior Week traditions are carried over from year to year, but this year’s schedule of events has changed slightly, Huntington said. This year, the kick-off barbeque was moved off campus to the College Football Hall of Fame, she said.  “We thought a change of venue would be cool and since the College Football Hall of Fame is leaving, and we’re all leaving, we thought we would rent out the space and check it out,” she said.  On Tuesday night, the Senior Class Council hosted ‘Margaritaville’ at Legends nightclub on campus. Huntington said previous Class Councils have planned trips to Cedar Point and the Indiana Dunes. However, these trips have not been well-attended due to weather and costs, so they were removed from the Senior Week schedule this year, she said.  “We were trying to cut costs and thinking about what was best for 2,000 people and not the 350 that could go,” she said.  Despite these changes, Huntington said most traditions continued, including Monday’s Commencement Ball. Senior Class Council estimated there were more than 1,500 attendees at the ball, Huntington said. “[The Commencement Ball] is a really fun night where your classmates show up at a dance, all dressed up and have a really good time,” she said.  Senior Ryan Geraghty attended the Commencement ball and said it exceeded his expectations. “The ball was surprisingly fun,” he said. “It wasn’t all fancy and too high-strung … I got to see all my friends and people who I haven’t seen since Frosh-O.” The senior class also traditionally attends a Chicago Cubs game each year, and that tradition continued this year, Huntington said. She said the trip would be expanded upon, offering seniors time to enjoy the city outside of Wrigley Field. On campus, seniors had the chance to get a behind-the-scenes look at some famed locations they could not access as undergraduates, Huntington said.  “We offer seniors a chance to see places on campus … like the tunnels, the 14th floor of the library, the stadium press box and locker rooms,” she said.  Huntington said the final traditional Senior Week event is the seniors’ last visit to the Grotto and Basilica.  “This is always the Thursday night before Commencement,” she said. “It’s time for the class to come together one last time to pray and reflect before Commencement.” Huntington said the last Grotto trip can be a very emotional experience for graduating seniors. “It’s usually the kicker. If you haven’t cried yet, you’re going to cry there,” she said. “I cried last year and I wasn’t even graduating.”last_img read more

Former assistant coach will not serve jail time

first_imgFormer Notre Dame assistant football coach Corwin Brown will not serve any jail time for hitting his wife and holding her hostage in a seven-hour armed standoff with police last August, according to the Associated Press. St. Joseph County Judge Jane Woodward Miller agreed Tuesday to permit Brown to avoid prison after his wife, Melissa, said separating her husband from his family and the counseling he is currently receiving would do more harm than good. Brown’s wife also said she did not feel victimized in the situation, according to the Associated Press report. Miller sentenced Brown to consecutive two-year prison sentences, which she suspended, placed him on probation and ordered him to continue to undergo counseling. On Aug. 12, 2011, St. Joseph County Police responded to a call from Brown’s wife about domestic violence at the former coach’s home. At the time, The Observer reported she told officers her husband threatened her with a gun in his pocket earlier in the day. Police remained outside the Brown home for seven hours while a SWAT team negotiated with an armed Brown, according to police reports. Brown, 42, pleaded guilty but mentally ill in June to felony confinement and domestic battery charges as part of a plea agreement. Brown was a member of the Notre Dame football coaching staff from 2007 to 2009. He then served as a defensive backs coach with the New England Patriots during the 2010 NFL season, but he was relieved of his team duties in February 2011.last_img read more

San Antonio mayor addresses civic duty

first_imgEMILY McCONVILLE | The Observer San Antonio mayor Julian Castro (left) and University of Washington professor of political science Luis Fraga discuss Latino civic engagement in the 21st century Monday night in DeBartolo Hall.Castro said his leadership focused largely on what his community can accomplish in the future. He said he has created a plan, with the help of his community, detailing what they want to accomplish in the future.“In terms of trying to lead, my approach was to engage the community in forging the vision for the future of the city and then executing on that with all of the institutions [of San Antonio] working together,” Castro said. “I was elected in 2009 and I launched something called SA 2020 in [September 2010] asking a question to the community, ‘Where do we want to be on Friday, September 25th, [2020]?’”Castro said he attributed political success to having a real connection with the place they are governing or representing. For Castro, that place is San Antonio, where he was born and raised.“If you want to actually go into politics you have to be from somewhere,” Castro said. “The smartest thing to do is to be where you are from, where you grew up, and have a network of folks who can identify with you, know you and know your family.”Though Castro said he sees many colored politicians on the state level, a future of more colored national politicians is possible only if those politicians can transcend being defined solely by their race.“As Latinos grow in numbers … you are going to see successful Latino/Latina candidates more and more at bigger and bigger levels,” Castro said. “However, if you are talking about state-wide candidates in big states or diverse states or nationally, it will help if you’re in any position to win  that people cannot overly identify you as just Latino.”Castro said he wanted to leave a legacy of increased opportunities for the citizens in his district.“I want more people to have the opportunities that I had in life,” said Castro. “If we were to look at a list of people that have graduated from college, I want that list to be substantially longer than when I started, partly because the work that I done.”Stanford University professor Luis Fraga said he was immensely proud to be the mentor of such a great politician.“For a political science professor to see one of his students become a real leader and have real substance on what it is they want to accomplish as a political leader is a dream come true,” Fraga said. “I am immensely proud.” San Antonio mayor Julian Castro spoke about his career in a lecture titled “American Politics in the 21st Century: Latino Civic Engagement” Monday night in the Jordan Hall of Science.The lecture, which was jointly organized by the Multicultural Student Programs and Services, the Institute for Latino Studies and the Rooney Center for the Study of American Democracy focused on Castro’s Latino influence in American politics.“What we wanted to do was find a dynamic speaker who could talk about things that our Institutes are really concerned about,” event coordinator Arnel Bulaoro said. Tags: Latino politics, political sciencelast_img read more

Saint Mary’s RHA kicks off Spirit Week

first_imgSaint Mary’s Spirit Week kicks off Monday to determine which hall will be named “Hall of the Year.” The Saint Mary’s Residence Hall Association (RHA) will be hosting events throughout next week that will give opportunities for all SMC students to earn points for their dorm.RHA president McKenzie Johnson said Spirit Week is important to have every year because it brings the Belles together.“It brings everyone together for some friendly competition,” Johnson said. “[The week] determines who will win hall of the year. Which can be a huge deal, especially for hall directors.”Johnson said the competition between residence halls makes the week unique to other themed weeks on campus.“Every year you see a little competitive edge between the Belles during Spirit Week,” she said. “Everyone really gets into it. Everyone wants so see that pretty ‘Hall of the Year’ banner hung outside their dorm so it gets pretty crazy.”Starting Monday, Spirit Week will be kicked off with a sand volleyball tournament running from 3-5 p.m. on the the Angela Sand Volleyball Courts. First, Holy Cross Hall will face Le Mans Hall at 3 p.m., then McCandless Hall will challenge Regina and Opus Halls at 3:30 p.m., and the winners of each match will face off at 4 p.m. Tuesday’s event, “Tea with Hall Directors,” will begin at 1-2:30 p.m. and offer the opportunity for residents to stop by the office of their hall director, have a treat and get acquainted, while earning points for their halls. Students can sign up with teams of two or three women and race canoes around Lake Marian this Wednesday to gain points for their respective residence halls. The race will start at 5 p.m. Johnson said this race has been a Saint Mary’s tradition for many years.On Thursday, students can gets crafty by decorating mugs and mason jars in each of the residence halls from 3-5 p.m.Spirit Week concludes with “Spirit Day” and “Penny Wars” on Friday. All students are asked to share their spirit by sporting their residence hall apparel and colors and contributing change to their designated residence hall jar in the Student Center. The jars will be in the Student Center Atrium from 11-2 p.m.Johnson said she expects a different competition now that Regina Hall is also all first-years this year. “[First-years] are usually tough competition when it comes to attendance of the events. Holy Cross Hall and Le Mans Hall may have a run for their money going up against two completely [first-year residence halls].”The points towards the halls are through participation in the events. Additional points are given to the winners of specific events, such as the sand volleyball tournament, canoe races and Penny Wars.This year’s free tank-tops will be given out at each event, Johnson said.Sophomore Taylor Burger said the free apparel is an exciting part of the week.“I’m excited to support my hall and support Saint Mary’s as a whole this week,” Burger said “I’m totally looking forward to the canoe races.”Burger, who lives in LeMans Hall this year, said she lived in McCandless Hall last year which earned the title of “Hall of the Year” last year. “I was in McCandless last year so hopefully I’ll be in the winning dorm again this year,” she said.First-year student Isabel Tetzloff said she’s excited to participate in spirit week as a new student.“The events seem so fun, and I can’t wait to represent and earn points for my new home, all week,” Tetzloff said.Tags: residence hall, RHA, saint mary’s, Spirit Week 2015last_img read more

Student government launches Onward forum

first_imgOn Sept. 29, seven months after originally announcing it as a part of their campaign platform, student body president and vice president Bryan Ricketts and Nidia Ruelas unveiled Onward, an online forum for students to submit and vote on ideas, loosely-based on social media sites Reddit and Yik Yak.Lauren Weldon | The Observer On the forum — which can be accessed through and requires a Notre Dame login — students can submit ideas as well as up-vote or down-vote ideas that they like or dislike, as well as respond to posts by other students. All posts begin with the tag “ideation stage,” but can gain “implementation” status when student government begins to look into moving forward with them.Constituent services director John Kill described the site encourages a “problem-solution model” to help students voice their opinions and share ideas with student government and their peers.“Students identify a problem with the school, whether it’s Food Services, facilities, and hopefully, they also have a solution,” Kill said. “That way, we can see what they’re thinking, and then other people can see that and decide if there’s something they’re missing.“We want it to be a place where people post ideas, but it’s not a replacement of any structures that we already have in place. It’s not going to replace [the student] senate. It’s not going to replace hall councils or Hall President’s Council (HPC).”While the site will not replace these existing groups, Kill said, it would help gather ideas to be brought them.“The whole idea is that it provides this place for ideas so that senate, HPC, hall council and student government can look at these ideas and decide how we can best implement them,” he said. “From there, looking at those ideas, we can then go to administration officials and work a way out to see what ideas are the most feasible.”Ricketts said there are two main teams of people who look after the site — a moderation team led by Kill and a steering committee that reports to Ricketts.While the steering committee looks at the bigger picture questions of how ideas are being implemented, Kill said the moderation team works to maintain “civil discourse” on the site.“When people think moderation, they think negative — it’s not really negative,” he said. “We want to encourage conversation, we want to encourage people to be honest on the forum, so the moderators aren’t there to police discussion, they’re there to make sure it remains a place of civil discourse and also to have a keen eye for ideas that are gaining popularity and feasibility. That way, they can report to the steering committee, and we can take that into consideration as we think about ideas that need to be implemented.”Student body chief of staff Dan Sehlhorst said the team’s purpose was not to censor, but rather to find and prevent “ad hominem attacks, harassment … things that would threaten our community in some way.”Sehlhorst said students whose behavior violates the site’s code of conduct may be subject to expulsion from Onward.Ricketts said since its launch, the forum has had about 400 active users and more than 50 submitted ideas.“The top idea the last time I checked was Wi-Fi on the quads, which had about 145 net votes on it, which is great. It’s a little over one third on the forum voting for something — a fantastic percentage of engagement there.”Other ideas currently gaining traction on the site include making berries available in the campus dining halls, a wider selection of options in Grab and Go, as well as more visible prices in the Huddle Mart in the LaFortune Student Center.Ricketts said his goal with Onward is that it will draw out all students — not just those involved in student government or hall councils.“We’re absolutely hoping that anybody who wants to can log on and have that conversation; you don’t need to be connected to [student government] do it; that’s kind of the point,” he said. “I want students to understand that because administrators are looking at what the next steps are and how they can improve student life, it means something for [students] to vote on these ideas or comment on these ideas, to participate in the conversation.“If they care about an issue, we might use the names on here to pool a focus group that would meet with the relevant people. It makes a difference to say that 145 people want Wi-Fi on the campus versus 1,000 people voted on this issue, and 800 said yes, this is something they would want.“There’s a difference in magnitude there that means something, so if you want to be engaged in these issues, this is a very tangible way to do it,” Ricketts said. “We hope it will have those far-reaching effects.”Tags: Onward, Student governmentlast_img read more

College receives $2.5 million gift

first_imgKristine Anderson Trustey, a class of 1986 alumna, donated $2.5 million to Saint Mary’s for various projects, according to a College press release.“Kris’s tremendous gift reflects her transformative experience at Saint Mary’s and illustrates her confidence in the future of the College,” Saint Mary’s President Jan Cervelli said in the release. “That she would provide such forward-looking support to enhance the student experience speaks to her generosity and vision, of which Saint Mary’s women have long been beneficiaries.”According to the release, Trustey’s donation will support construction costs for the Angela Athletic and Wellness Complex and will also establish the Kristine Anderson Trustey ’86 Wellness Program, which will be housed in the athletic facility.$1.275 million of the gift will contribute to the College’s purchase of 40 acres of land currently owned by the Sisters of the Holy Cross. Trustey’s donation aims to inspire other donors to complete fundraising efforts for campus land expansion, according to the release.“My Saint Mary’s experience helped form me into the person I am today,” Trustey said in the release. “Expanding the campus footprint through this strategic purchase of land means that Saint Mary’s can dream big for the benefit of future generations of young women. I hope others will join me by investing in this exciting opportunity for growth at our beloved College.”Tags: angela athletic and wellness complex, Kristine Anderson Trustey, Sisters of the Holy Crosslast_img read more

Hamilton Society hosts first debate

first_imgIn the inaugural Alexander Hamilton Society (AHS) debate — held in the Hesburgh Center Auditorium — Notre Dame faculty member David Cortright and Georgetown professor Matthew Kroenig debated whether or not “Secretary of State Rex Tillerson is correct in saying that the policy of strategic patience with North Korea should end.”AHS is an “independent, non-partisan, not-for-profit, membership organization dedicated to promoting constructive debate on basic principles and contemporary issues in foreign, economic and national security policy,” according to the organization’s website. The national organization was founded in 2010, and this is the Notre Dame chapter’s first year as a group on campus.During the debate, Kroenig, a national security expert who worked on Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign in 2012 and Marco Rubio’s presidential campaign in 2016, argued that it was time to move on from strategic patience.Kroenig’s opening statement centered on three points: the definition of strategic patience and why it failed, what a new approach would look like and what a new policy specifically would entail.“Throughout the 1990s, North Korea’s nuclear program continued to advance,” he said. “The outside world engaged with North Korea, they would agree to halt the program and pocketed concessions, then North Korea would make threats, we’d negotiate, they’d get goodies and the cycle would continue. North Korea was blackmailing the U.S. and international communities, and using negotiation to extract concessions.”Kroenig described President Barack Obama’s administration’s decision to halt this strategy and essentially do nothing, hoping that North Korea would collapse on its own.“The result is that the threat has continued to grow,” he said.Kroenig discussed North Korea’s growing nuclear stockpile and increasing capabilities, saying there is a broad bipartisan consensus that something needs to be done or else the U.S. will be living under the threat of a North Korean nuclear attack.He said a new policy would need a diplomatic and defense component. In this regard, Kroenig cited the 2015 agreement with Iran regarding its nuclear program as an example.“We need to give them the choice of either making a deal, or economic sanctions and a potential military engagement,” he said.Kroenig alluded to a problem with applying this strategy to North Korea, and said the United States and its western allies do little business with the reclusive regime. One solution to this problem would be increased engagement with China, North Korea’s closest ally, Kroenig said, but this strategy presents challenges because China prioritizes North Korea’s existence as a buffer state over its denuclearization. To get around this problem, Kroenig suggested sanctions against firms that do business with North Korea as a potential way around the problem and a way to get North Korea to the negotiating table, given that such an approach worked with Iran.Finally, Kroenig said the U.S. must work with regional allies currently faced with the threat of North Korean nuclear aggression in the meantime.“Until negotiations pay off, we have to defend ourselves and our allies,” he said.Next, Cortright took the podium.“I don’t agree with strategic patience, I don’t think it’s worked and I don’t think doing nothing is a viable option,” he said.However, Cortright said the threat from North Korea is not currently as dire as it is often made to sound.“Yes, North Korea has a couple small grade nuclear weapons, but they have not refined technologies for more complex weapons,” he said. “While patience is not the answer, neither is panic, paranoia or provocation. Pressure [is] not enough.”Cortright laid out a plan incorporating cooperation with the Chinese, sanctions and inducements designed to get North Korea to the negotiating table. He cited a 1994 agreement between Pyongyang and outside powers, the Agreed Framework, where North Korea agreed to halt its program in exchange for concessions and which eventually broke down. Cortright also floated the Iran Deal as a possible model. He said there was a great need for clear American objectives for its dealing with Pyongyang, questioning Tillerson’s “surrender, then we’ll talk” attitude.Cortright said the United States first needs to “sit down calmly with China and make a plan with them.” Next, the so-called Six Party Partners, including South Korea, Japan and Russia, need to be brought into the process. This group, Cortright said, should agree to a new set of sanctions in advance, but only implement them if North Korea refuses to negotiate.Once negotiations have commenced, Cortright said the U.S. should implement a set of “sanctions and inducements,” including cutting off North Korea from international financial markets, suspending joint American military exercises with South Korea, opening up the possibility of diplomatic normalization with North Korea and other objectives in a similar vein.Tags: Alexander Hamilton Society, Alexander Hamilton Society debate, North Korealast_img read more