Latin America Briefs

first_imgColombiaThousands of people took to the streets in Bogota and in more than 100 other municipalities around Colombia on March 17. It was the largest mobilization in the country in the last 15 years.The people responded to a call from the Coordination of Social Organizations, made up of more than 40 organizations, including the Central Union of Workers of Colombia and the General Confederation of Workers. The breadth of the represented sectors is a giant step toward achieving the group’s ultimate goal: real peace with social justice.The entire left — the different federations and trade unions, youth and students, the peasants, the Afro-Colombian people, Indigenous people, women, the LGBTQ community, all representing the people who are dissatisfied with the neoliberal policies of the Juan Manuel Santos government — came out to publicly demonstrate.It was really a demonstration of united people’s power that confronts government actions that are undermining the welfare of the masses.In Havana, Cuba, the FARC-EP (the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia — People’s Army) and the government of Colombia are laying the foundation for a peace agreement. On the other hand, the Santos regime has been unraveling the threads in Colombia, where these accords will be consolidated. And the people have responded by demanding the inclusion of issues that had been brought to the negotiating table but which the government rejected. These include the call for a new constitutional assembly to re-establish the country on a more just foundation.The following excerpts from the letter to President Santos, about why the national strike was called for March 17, illustrate the critical situation in the country:“After the failure of the negotiations on the Legal Minimum Wage, the absurd and arbitrary sale of ISAGEN [the state-owned power generation company] … the announcement of the wrongful Tax Reform for the popular sectors, … your non-compliance toward pensioners and workers over an agreement signed by you to reduce health contributions from 12 to 4 percent; … [since we have] confirmed [the] non-compliances with agreements signed with Agro-Livestock Dignity, Agrarian Summit, as well as with the truckers’ crusade, taxi drivers and other sectors; [and] in addition to the above, the noxious legislative agenda, the high degree of impoverishment of our farmers and the majority of the population, the high cost of the basic family food basket and public transport, unemployment, sub-employment of the informal sector, unpayable foreign debt, all of them a product of a regressive neoliberal economic model; we have decided to convene, organize and carry out a NATIONAL DAY OF PROTEST which will be a NATIONAL STRIKE.”Then they included the 15 key demands, among which are the development of a structural program with emergency measures for the people in the Guajira; compliance with the agreements signed between the government and the various organizations; raising wages; stopping the privatization of public enterprises; overhauling the Free Trade Agreements; stopping the privatization of health and education; respecting labor rights; guaranteeing human rights; and stopping the criminalization of protest, among others.The Unitary National Command — the steering committee of the mobilization — has highlighted the importance of everyone’s commitment to put pressure on the government to name a Negotiating Commission to attend to these demands.ArgentinaIn Argentina, 250,000 people marched on March 24 at the Plaza de Mayo on the Day of Remembrance for Truth and Justice commemorating the 40th anniversary of the civilian-military coup of 1976. The coup installed a bloody dictatorship that killed and exiled thousands and disappeared 30,000 Argentinians.The march not only commemorated the cruelty of 40 years ago, but protested against the neoliberal and pro-U.S. policy of the current government of Mauricio Macri.The leader of the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, Estela de Carlotto, summarized the position of the march against Macri, saying, “40 years after the genocidal coup, we feel again called to defend democracy. … The change of government has brought the daily violation of rights.” (Telesurtv.net)At the very same time, U.S. President Barack Obama was visiting the capital Buenos Aires and commemorated the anniversary with the Argentine President in a separate activity where there was no presence of human rights organizations, including the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo who refused the government’s invitation.It must be mentioned that Obama has never apologized for the U.S. criminal association with the dictatorship. The people, while demonstrating against his visit, also demanded from Obama the clarification of the U.S. role and the release of classified information, including the names of the disappeared. We must highlight the hypocrisy of Macri, whose legislative bloc voted in 2006 against the bill that would officially proclaim March 24 a day dedicated to the Remembrance.If Obama and Macri thought that Argentina could be a wedge to divide the Latin American countries seeking progressive development for their peoples, they got a clear message from this united and massive demonstration, showing that the will of the progressive people is alive and well in that nation.Translation: Michael Otto.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Cybercrime law’s threat to freedom of information

first_img PhilippinesAsia – Pacific Filipina journalist still held although court dismissed case eleven days ago PhilippinesAsia – Pacific Receive email alerts Mass international solidarity campaign launched in support of Maria Ressa October 9, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Cybercrime law’s threat to freedom of information Photo : Tudla Productions Philippines: RSF and the #HoldTheLine Coalition welcome reprieve for Maria Ressa, demand all other charges and cases be dropped Follow the news on Philippines The Philippines supreme court voted unanimously today to impose a 120-day temporary restraining order on the “Cybercrime Prevention Act 2012” pending hearings beginning 15 January to determine whether any of its provisions violate civil liberties.The court issued its ruling in response to 15 petitions against the law, known as Republic Act No. 10175, which President Benigno Aquino signed on 12 September.Reporters Without Borders takes the view that the amendments being proposed will not suffice and that the law should be repealed outright. Combatting cybercrime is legitimate but this law, which added online defamation to its list of “cybercrimes” at the last moment, poses too much of a threat to freedom of information.It is regrettable that the authorities did not consult sufficiently with civil society during the drafting process, which lacked transparency.Demonstrators gathered outside the supreme court building today in protest against the law, which has also prompted calls for an Internet boycott. Local activists and media groups have been expressing concern and campaigning against it since April.Reporters Without Borders is worried by the lack of a precise definition of online defamation, which exposes all Internet users to the possibility of prosecution. Many questions are being raised about the law:- Could an ordinary “like” on Facebook or an online comment about allegedly defamatory content lead to prosecution? Or could retweeting this kind of content lead to prosecution?- Would bloggers be held liable for the defamatory comment that visitors post on their blogs?- Could Internet Service Providers or other technical intermediaries be held liable for offending content posted by an unidentified person, as recently happened in Brazil? Would they be forced to adopt intrusive surveillance measures in order to identify Internet users liable for prosecution?In the Philippines, libel is a crime punishable by up to four years in prison and a fine of 200 to 6,000 pesos under article 355 of the 1930 Revised Penal Code. That’s bad enough, but under Chapter III Section 8 of Republic Act No. 10175, online defamation is punishable by up to 12 years in prison and a fine of 1 million pesos.Concern about possible abuse of the new law is justified given the frequency with politicians and other public figures have sued journalists and news media in recent years to get them to censor themselves.According to Sen. Edgardo Angara, one of its most enthusiastic advocates, the Cybercrime Prevention Act is meant to “encourage the use of cyberspace” and protect against its “abuse and misuse”But Global Voices quotes Internet users as describing the inclusion of online defamation in the law as a “clumsy cut-and-paste job” that is completely inappropriate to the Internet and could pave the way to abuses.The law’s articles on online defamation are an almost word-for-word copy of the definition of libel in article 353 of the Reformed Penal Code, simply adding that they apply to defamation committed by electronic means.Asia’s first murder of a journalists in 2012 took place in the Philippines, which continues to be one of the world’s most dangerous countries for the media and which was ranked 140th out of 179 countries in the 2011-2012 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. May 3, 2021 Find out more News News to go further News News Help by sharing this information June 1, 2021 Find out more Organisation RSF_en February 16, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more